Tag: india

How a 15 year old can aspire to be a billionaire

How a 15 year old can aspire to be a billionaire

Last weekend I was at one of my relatives place.  She has two young kids.  One of them is around 19 years and the younger one might be around 14-15 years of age

I was very glad to notice that they had an interest in making investments at such a young age.  I also loved the idea that their father was actually instilling in them a habit of trying to evaluate different avenues in investing.  This means that in India the efforts of channels like ETNow and  CNBC TV18 & the efforts of the mutual fund industry and stock exchanges like NSE are starting to bear fruit.  If kids and parents start discussing financial products then the future is definitely bright for the Indian middle class.

When they came to know that I write a blog on achieving financial freedom, they thought of asking me for some recommendations on stocks and other investments, which I denied. I prefer not to give advice on any specific type of instruments or stocks, because a) I am not qualified and b) because everyone has a different risk appetite.

Since I like to look at just the basics and compounding and the rule of 72 are simple things that anyone can do at the back of an napkin, I just spent time with them on that.

Using the above I just explained to them without any use of even a calculator how wealthy he could grow.

If the younger son invests today Rs10000/- at the age of 15.  India’s long term growth rate has been about 15% average.  Even the indices therefore will grow at a long term average of 15%.

Therefore if he was to put this 10000/- in a Nifty ETF, it would also grow at an average of 15%.  By the rule of 72 if he divides the number 72 by 15% then he will double the money in about 4.5 years.  For simplicity let’s assume 5 years.  which means every ten years it will grow 4 times. So his investment table, if he keeps invested with this 10000/- would look like below.  Just staying invested without doing any hard work (incidentally staying invested could be the hardest thing) he can convert his Rs10000/- into Rs10million or (Rs 1 crore)

Age Amount@15% Amount@25%
25 40000 100000
35 160000 1000000
45 640000 10000000
55 2560000 100000000
65 10200000 1000000000

The second column is if he looks out for investments which can lead him to compound at close to 25%.  then you see the magic.  The amount converts to Rs1 billion (100 crores).  Look at what happens between the ages of 45 and 65.  At 45 he would have Rs 10 million and at 65 Rs 1 Billion.  Even Warren Buffet’s wealth if you Google at age 65 and now at age 85, he is one of the richest men on earth just because of this phenomenon.

Obviously getting 25% on a consistent basis is not going to be easy, over a long period of time.  But the key is going to be about staying invested.  I hope the young guy can.

If you have any young guy you know, just show him this table of what his 10000 today can do for him over  30-40 years.

Till next time….

Carpe Diem!!!

 

 

How women in India can change the destiny of the country – part 2

How women in India can change the destiny of the country – part 2

Continuing where I left last, when more women come into the workforce there is money in more hands.
First this money goes to ensuring that the basic necessities of life are taken care of.

The good thing about basic necessities however is that once they are taken care off, there is not too much more that needs to be done , so once you have had three meals you can’t have one more meal during the day.

Once people have more money than they need to take care of their basic necessities they do 2 things – one they try to save and two they like to move up in life by doing discretionary spending.
When discretionary spending starts to happen the GDP growth starts to multiply. In India from the time the per capita rose from $1000 to $1700 one major trend that is seen – last year the growth of Air Traffic has been faster than the growth in rail traffic. The per capita is expected to in the next 7-8 years hit $3000/-.  That is considered the poverty line in countries like the US& Canada for a family of 5.  But adding $1300 per capita into more than 1 billion people can mean such a huge uplift for India.
Just with the addition of $700 per capita (from $1000) even though the Indian economy does not seem to be doing very well, still you have most Metro airports and all the Planes and flights which I have taken recently completely full. Whether it is low cost Airlines like Indigo and Go air or full service Airlines like Air Vistara or Air India you don’t see empty seats. There is a waiting list for cars and 2 wheelers.  People are wanting to move up in life.  They have aspirations to be better than what their parents were.

So what does this have to do with financial freedom….

If more women come into the workforce they will add to the per capita income. Once they take care of the part of the burden of the basic necessities of the house, then they will end up spending on better education and health of their children and better quality products for themselves.

If you see trends like these and you invest in countries like India, which have a such a young demographic, you can be picking gems which can make you rich many times over.  Invest through SIPs in mutual funds or invest in Emerging Market funds, but systematically go about investing in growth stories and the growth momentum can propel your finances into a different orbit…

Till next time

Keep identifying trends

How women in India can change the destiny of the country

How women in India can change the destiny of the country

Last few days I have had a writer’s block .  Since my last blog, last weekend, I had been thinking on what should be my next topic but it just wasn’t getting structured

And then today I was listening to the podcast at the Tim Ferriss( tim.blog .)  He was interviewing the author Daniel Pink.

There were many Aha moments…but this post is not about that podcast.During the interview Daniel mentioned that one of his professors once told him that sometimes you just need to start writing and things will get figured out.

That suddenly hit a chord with me.  So here we go….

I was reading the Entrepreneur magazine’s India edition and here I saw couple of very interesting facts.  One of them was an article by Nobel prize winner Muhammad Yunus. He is the man behind the concept of micro finance which has empowered so many women .

One of the things he mentioned in the article is that if illiterate and poor women can transform themselves into entrepreneurs imagine what would happen if millions of high school and University graduates are empowered.

This got me thinking. If we discount for about 30% of India’s population to be children and old people, then out of the remaining 1 billion people you have 50% of them as women. What would happen if these 50% women came into the workforce- either as entrepreneurs or as workers, what would happen to the GDP of our country.  About 400-500million more people in the workforce, which is expected to be the youngest workforce by 2030.

Last year I was in Canada during their 150 year celebrations and I realised that its GDP is close to two and a half trillion dollars, while India’s GDP is also close to 2.5 trillion dollars. However Canada’s population is less than the population of one city in India -Delhi NCR, about 3 crores (30million). India’s population is more than 125 crores(more than 1.25 billion).

In the same issue of the Entrepreneur there is another report which says that if women’s participation in the Indian economy goes up the country’s GDP is likely to go up by 60% that is an amazing figure

If only our women believe in themselves and if we can give them a supporting hand there is massive prosperity which can be created in this country.  Right now for a lot of families in India, buying 3 meals is the biggest outgo of money.  Once each family has multiple earners and expenses on food become a minor part of the spend, then families will educate their kids, they will take better care of them.  and people will spend more on non-food items.  These are exciting times if we take our destiny in our own hands.

Capre Diem!!!

 

 

 

There is nothing sexy in achieving financial freedom – part 2

There is nothing sexy in achieving financial freedom – part 2

Yesterday I wrote about how most of these Ultra rich people – Warren Buffet, Tony Robbins, Richard Koch, Robert Kiyosaki – actually followed a system rigorously even when there were roadblocks around the way

The systems required that they had to do some amount of sacrifices. Maybe they did not go out for a date when they were young because they had to ensure that they were closing something as part of their system.

I also realised when I started a bank mandate initially with just a 1000 rupees. Initially it did matter that even before I could utilise the money, the money went out from the bank. But slowly I got used to it and I went on increasing my commitments to the money getting directly debited from the bank into some Investments.

In 3 years I did not realise what a difference that had made to my financial stability. Based on the possibilities that my investments could do, I actually sat down to figure out a date by which if my assets reached a given value I could leave my job and start doing what I want.

While God has been kind in a lot of these endeavours it is also a matter of the systems working and the investments compounding in the background.

For all those young guys if they read this, just a very small portion of their income if they can directly give a bank mandate, for money to be deducted to go into an investment, without they realising, they can all become millionaires.

If you leave it to your discretion that every month you will invest based on what you save…. You will never be able to invest.

The human brain was designed to ensure that it survived and immediate gratification was more important than long term safety. Hence the brain does not allow you to take a chance with your safety of money and wants you to have it till the last moment. But when you have a system to automatically reduce the money from your bank for an investment the brain gets used to the lesser amount of money and you are able to live a similar Lifestyle even with that less money.

Today there are possibilities of various kinds depending on your appetite and the goals that you have to invest in mutual funds in SAP or in a recurring deposit whichever way you want.

Whatever you do and whatever your risk appetite, put a system in place so that it works in the background and gets you to your goal

If you can resonate with my content, a follow on my Facebook Page will be highly appreciated!

Thanks in advance! 🙂

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Miracles happen ….because human beings are good

Today’s blog post has nothing to do with finance directly.

In 2013 there was a massive cloud burst and floods in the Uttarkashi area in India. Thousands of pilgrims going to the Kedarnath temple and people living in the adjoining areas got drowned because of the flash floods.

Today I came to know about a boy whose parents and sister had gone for the pilgrimage.  Since 2013 there was no news whether they were alive or not.  Since their bodies were not found they were not declared dead either.  This boy was a student at that time.

Due to the sudden disappearance of his parents and no financial support from relatives, who actually disowned him, he worked at a petrol pump to somehow earn enough money to survive and complete his education.

On 12th April this year, almost 5 years later he got news from a rescue team that his parents were in coma in a villagers home.  When he reached there he found that the villager herself was pretty poor, but had taken care of his parents and sister while they were in coma.  I am told that his mother and sister are now out of coma and father is still badly unwell.

But when this story was told to me by my friend, both she and I came to this discussion that the miracle was not that in the flash floods the parents and sister of the boy survived but the fact that the villager who herself was not very rich took care of 3 unknown people in coma for almost 5 years.  After that when they come back to consciousness, this lady worked with the government authorities to trace this boy who stays in Noida – about 500-600kms away.

There was no money that she got during those years for taking care of the unknown people. During that time this boy, inspite of all the hardships, through his perseverance studied and got himself a decent job and kept his hopes alive of meeting his parents and sister again.

Its the human spirit and the fact that inherently human beings are good that miracles happen.  The news channels and papers make out that the world is coming to an end but its people like the villager and the boy who show that the world is still a pretty decent place and all over the world there are human beings who are doing positive things that make this world a much better place to live.

Lets spread the positives to make our world a better place….

Till next time

Why you SHOULD buy a house

What a contradiction….

Last time I gave you all the reasons of why buying a house (in India especially) did not make sense.

I have a friend Sanjay, who almost 27 years back had given me a very nice philosophy, which I did not heed. But the older I have grown the more I have realised, his was a better thought process.

He used to say ‘ pehle dukaan phir makaan’.  For those of you who don’t understand Hindi, it means….if you have some money, first buy a shop (invest in a business), because once the business succeeds it will generate so much money that you can buy many more houses or larger houses.  The fundamental issue over here being that if you have money and can invest in a productive asset which can supplement your cashflow then building assets and creating wealth become even more easy.

A real life example of this was the landlord of our office in Gurgaon.  He had 7-8 properties which he had rented out to offices.  Each of those properties was getting him a passive income which he was utilising to buy even more properties and he did not need to work.

I would strongly recommend reading Robert Kiyosaki’s  book “Rich Dad Poor Dad”. It  talks of a similar philosophy where cash flow (passive income) is important if you want to create wealth.

So coming to the topic of this blog….you Should buy a house if you can give it on rent and get passive income. You Should buy a house in a locality where businesses and a young migrant population are growing.  From that income you could buy more houses.

Most young people in the technology and services industry today carry home huge bonuses if their company succeeds.  Utilise a portion of that money to put in an asset which can give you passive income.  Once the passive income starts you get the opportunity to start thinking in ways of growing your wealth.

Till next time then…think your way to financial freedom through Passive Income!!!

Why you should not buy a house to live

Why you should not buy a house to live

For most Indians having a house is the first investment that they ever make.  Even the government gives subsidies for taking your first house.  The first house is an emotional issue for most middle class Indians.

After getting a job an Indian male is expected to work for the next 2 to 3 years and then get married. After marriage husband and wife want that they have a house of their own as their first investment where they can live on their own.

So after the person has started working and for 3 years has saved something he gets married spends his savings immediately for expenditures after marriage. Then he starts saving for a house and takes a loan to buy his first house.

Now the company giving the loan is more than happy to give him a longer duration loan because they also realise that compounding helps them make more money.

While paying for the instalments the husband and wife end up completely blocking their liquidity for the next few years.

As time passes you have the family growing and the investments never happen.
Suddenly at the age of 45-50 the couple realise that they will retire in the next 10-15 years. Life has just passed them by.

I did the same thing incidentally, so I know what this couple goes through.

The house I bought by investing Rs 200000 and taking a loan for the remaining 1900000, costed me over the next 15 years a total of rupees 3700000/- and the hardships that we had to undergo because of not having spare cash.

If I take out the benefit of tax that the government of India gives, I ended up paying a total of rupees 3300000/-. Today the value of the house is about Rs6000000/- so net gain of Rs2700000/-.

If I had invested the same monthly instalments in equity over the next 15 years (less the rent I was paying and less the tax benefit I got) I would still have invested every year about Rs150000/-.

The 200000 plus the 150000/- every year for the next 15 years in the conservative NIFTY index would have resulted in me getting approximately Rs100,00,000/-. At this point I could have bought the same house on cash and still have 4000000/- to spare or I could have bought a much bigger flat.

Now there is always this issue about staying in a rented house versus buying your own house… If you can manage to stay up in a rented house for a longer time and if the rent is controlled then you can hold back the fixed cash flow that you will have to shell out when you take a loan for your house. The rent also gets the income tax benefit.

Some of you may come back to me saying – the house also appreciates…. That’s true but the appreciation of any property even in a place like Bombay has not been more than 10 to 12% compounded over the last 35-40 years…. An investment at 15% will beat the appreciation of the property anyway… The second and more important point is, if the house is where you are going to stay then its appreciation has no significance because you will not sell the house in which you are staying and live somewhere else.

Now my intention of the headline is not to stop people from buying a house in which they should live… but the appreciation of the house and the interest rate that the loan company charges actually kill the capability of the couple to ever create wealth.
You should buy the house where you take a loan such that the interest payments get both the husband and wife a tax benefit and therefore the cash outflow is low. You should first invest and create a corpus which appreciates more than the value of property and from that corpus take out enough money and do a down payment so that the interest outflow is just enough for qualifying for a tax rebate.

Till next time….